Python API for Third-Party Libraries

urequests – Network Request Module

Function

urequests.request(method, url, data=None, json=None, headers={})
Send a network request, it will block the response data returned to the network, parameters:

  • method method of establishing a network request. e.g. HEADGETPOSTPUTPATCH, DELETE.
  • url URL of the network request.
  • data (optional), a dictionary, tuple list [(key, value)] (will be form coded), byte or class file object sent in the request body.
  • json (optional), json data sent in the request body.
  • headers (optional), HTTP header dictionary to be sent with the request.

urequests.head(url, **kw)
Send a HEAD request, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

urequests.get(url, **kw)
Send a GET request, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

urequests.post(url, **kw)
Send a POST request, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

urequests.put(url, **kw)
Send a PUT request, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

urequests.patch(url, **kw)
Send a PATCH request, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

urequests.delete(url, **kw)
Send a DELETErequest, the return type is the response of the request, parameters:

  • url URL of the network request.
  • **kw request optional parameters.

Sample Code:

import codey
import urequests as requests
import time

# Fill in your router's ssid and password here.
codey.wifi.start('wifi_ssid', 'password')
codey.led.show(0,0,0)
while True:
    if codey.wifi.is_connected():
        codey.led.show(0,0,255)
        res = requests.get(url='http://www.baidu.com/')
        print(res.text)
        time.sleep(3)
    else:
        codey.led.show(0,0,0)

Sample Code:2

import codey
import urequests as requests
import time

# Fill in your router's ssid and password here.
codey.wifi.start('wifi_ssid', 'password')
codey.led.show(0,0,0)
hour = minite = second = "00"
while True:
    if codey.wifi.is_connected():
        try:
            res = requests.get(url = 'http://www.time.ac.cn/timeflash.asp?user=flash').text
            hour_begin = res.find('<hour>') + len('<hour>')
            hour_end = res.find('</hour>')
            minite_begin = res.find('<minite>') + len('<minite>')
            minite_end = res.find('</minite>')
            second_begin = res.find('<second>') + len('<second>')
            second_end = res.find('</second>')
            if hour_begin > len('<hour>') and hour_end > hour_begin and \
               minite_begin > len('<minite>') and minite_end > minite_begin and \
               second_begin > len('<second>') and second_end > second_begin:

                if hour_end - hour_begin == 1:
                    hour = '0' + res[hour_begin:hour_end]
                elif hour_end - hour_begin == 2:
                    hour = res[hour_begin:hour_end]

                if minite_end - minite_begin == 1:
                    minite = '0' + res[minite_begin:minite_end]
                elif minite_end - minite_begin == 2:
                    minite = res[minite_begin:minite_end]

                if second_end - second_begin == 1:
                    second = '0' + res[second_begin:second_end]
                elif second_end - second_begin == 2:
                    second = res[second_begin:second_end]

                print(hour + ":" + minite + ":" + second)
                cur_time = hour + ':' + minite;
                codey.display.show(cur_time)
        except:
            print("get error data")
    else:
        codey.led.show(0,0,0)

Sample Code:3

import codey
import urequests as requests
import ujson

# user_account and password is mblock's account and password
def get_user_request_header():
    post_data = ujson.dumps({ 'account': 'user_account', 'password': 'password'})
    request_url = 'http://passport2.makeblock.com/v1/user/login'
    res = requests.post(request_url, headers = {'content-type': 'application/json'}, data = post_data).json()
    header_data = ''
    if res['code'] == 0:
        header_data = { "content-type": 'application/json; charset=utf-8', "devicetype": '1'}
        header_data["uid"] = str(res['data']['user']['uid'])
        header_data["deviceid"] = '30AEA427EC60'
    return header_data

# Get weather information
# cid: checkpoint id
# arg: Information to be queried
#            aqi:  Air Quality Index
#            pm25: PM2.5 concentration
#            pm10: PM10 concentration
#            co:   Carbon monoxide concentration
#            so2:  Sulfur dioxide concentration
#            no2:  Nitrogen dioxide concentration
def get_air_quality_info(cid, arg):
    if not codey.wifi.is_connected():
        return ''
    post_data = ujson.dumps({ "cid": cid, "arg": arg})
    request_url = 'http://msapi.passport3.makeblock.com/' + 'air/getone'
    res = requests.post(request_url, headers = get_user_request_header(), data = post_data)
    text = res.text
    return float(text)

# Fill in your router's ssid and password here.
codey.wifi.start('wifi_ssid', 'password')
codey.led.show(0,0,0)
while True:
    if codey.wifi.is_connected():
        codey.led.show(0,0,255)
        data = get_air_quality_info('1539','aqi')  #1539 is Shenzhen checkpoint id
        codey.display.show(data)
    else:
        codey.led.show(0,0,0)

mqtt – Message Queue Telemetry Transmission

Class

class mqtt.MQTTClient(client_id, server, port=0, user=None, password=None, keepalive=0, ssl=False, ssl_params={}) Instantiating the interface object of MQTT client, parameters:

  • client_id the unique client id string used when connecting to the broker. If client_id is zero length or None, then one will be randomly generated. In this case, the parameter clean_session of the connect function must be True.
  • server The host name or IP address of the remote server.
  • port (optional), the network port of the server host to connect to. The default port number is 1883. Please note that the default port number of the MQTT over SSL/TLS is 8833.
  • user (optional), the username registered on the server.
  • password (optional), the password registered on the server.
  • keepalive (optional), the client’s keepalive time out value. Default is 60 s.
  • ssl (optional), whether enable the SSL/TLS support.
  • ssl_params (optional), SSL/TLS parameter.

connect(clean_session=True)
Connect the client to the server, this is a blocking function, parameters:

  • clean_session a boolean that determines the client type. If True, the broker will remove all information about this client when it disconnects. If False, the client is a durable client and subscription information and queued messages will be retained when the client disconnects.

reconnect()
Reconnect to the server using the details provided previously. You must call connect before calling this function.

disconnect()
Disconnect from the server.

ping()
Test the connectivity between the server and client.

set_last_will(topic, msg, retain=False, qos=0)
Set the will to be sent to the server. If the client disconnects without calling disconnect(), the server will post a message on its behalf, parameters:

  • topic The topic of the will post.
  • msg A will message to send.
  • retain If set to True, the will message will be set to the last known good/reserved message for the topic.
  • qos Is used for the quality of service level of the will.

publish(topic, msg, retain=False, qos=0)
A message is sent from the client to the agent and then sent from the agent to any client that subscribes to the matching topic, parameters:

  • topic The topic of the message should be posted.
  • msg The actual message to send.
  • retain If set to True, the will message will be set to the last known good/reserved message for the topic.
  • qos The level of quality of service to use.

subscribe(topic, qos=0)
Subscribe to a topic of the service, this module provides some helper functions to subscribe and process messages directly. For example set_callback, parameters:

  • topic The subject of the message to subscribe.
  • qos The level of quality of service to use.

set_callback(f)
Sets the callback function for the topic subscription, which is called when the server responds to our subscription request, parameters:

  • f callback function.

wait_msg()
Wait for the server until the server has no pending messages. This function is a blocking function.

check_msg()
Check if the server has pending messages. If not, return directly, if any, do same processing as function wait_msg.

Sample Code:

from mqtt import MQTTClient
import codey
import time

MQTTHOST = "mq.makeblock.com"
MQTTPORT = 1883

# Fill in as you like
client_id = "20180911203800"

# Example Path
Topic = "/sensors/temperature/#"

mqttClient = MQTTClient(client_id, MQTTHOST, port=MQTTPORT, user='test', password='test', keepalive=0, ssl=False)

# Connect to the MQTT server
def on_mqtt_connect():
    mqttClient.connect()

# publish a message
def on_publish(topic, payload, retain=False, qos = 0):
    mqttClient.publish(topic, payload, retain, qos)

# message processing function
def on_message_come(topic, msg):
    print(topic + " " + ":" + str(msg))
    codey.display.show(msg)

# subscribe message
def on_subscribe():
    mqttClient.set_callback(on_message_come)
    mqttClient.subscribe(Topic, qos = 1)

# Fill in your router's ssid and password here.
codey.wifi.start('wifi_ssid', 'password')
codey.led.show(0,0,0)
codey.display.show(0)
while True:
    if codey.wifi.is_connected():
        on_mqtt_connect()
        on_subscribe()
        codey.led.show(0,0,255)
        while True:
            # Blocking wait for message
            on_publish("/sensors/temperature/home", str(38), qos = 1)
            mqttClient.wait_msg()
            time.sleep(1)
    else:
        codey.led.show(0,0,0)

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